Frequently Asked Questions
What is liner technology?
Liner technologies are a proven successful solution in a wide range of oilfield tubular protection for down-hole applications.
• Flexible for Water/Producing Wells
• Increase Corrosion Resistance
• Reduce/Eliminate Rod Wear
• Increase Well Profitability
Can WFES Tubular Linings be used with Hydraulic Fracing?
WFES liners work with all types of fracking fluids, that show virtually no sign of wear due to abrasion.
Do WFES thermoplastic liners reduce power requirement for pumping?
Our liners typically reduce power requirements due to the reduced surface roughness compared to steel. When running your WEM (Well Evaluation Model) for rod pump wells, injection wells, disposal wells, or hydraulic fracing please use the following surface roughness values. These values are tested and verified values from real samples and tested to the RZ DIN standard. New Steel – 35 microns WFES Liners – 1.5 microns.
What is the typical failure mode of WFES thermoplastic liners?
Our in-house knowledge base knows which well environments are best suited for our technology, and will help ensure our liners are only used in suitable applications. Special care must be taken to not exceed the temperature rating of our products. Consider heat created by submersible pumps; and, well treatments (such as hot oil flushes). Excessive heat will cause thermoplastic liners to soften, swell, and weaken. The effects of heat are irreversible.
Our technology team is continually developing new technologies, increasing the number of suitable applications, including CO2 and H2S rich environments. Please refer to our installation instructions for proper handling techniques.
Can WFES thermoplastic liners be used in CO₂ rich environments?
CO2 is a small linear molecule that can permeate all thermoplastics to some degree. In order for permeation to occur, the CO2 must be exposed to the liner in a free gas state. If the CO2 is dissolved or entrained in produced oil or injected water, it will not permeate the thermoplastic liner. The rate and degree of permeation is dependent on the temperature of the line and gas, the pressure of the gas, and the CO2 content in the gas. These three variables are codependent on each other, and in many cases where either the CO2 content of the gas is very low, the temperature is low, or the reservoir pressure is too low, the CO2 gas may not permeate through the thermoplastic liner enough to cause a problem. WFES recommends speaking with our technology team prior to the installation of any WFES product in any particular well Environments. Our team will ensure the technology you have chosen is suitable for the specific application. WFES is also developing a CO2 / H2S impermeable liner which will be available very soon.
Do routine wireline operations damage thermoplastic liners?
No. Western Falcon technology has proven to be very durable and resistant to wireline damage.
Who produces WFES thermoplastic liners?
We only use approved industry leading thermoplastic tube manufacturers.
Can WFES products be used with a premium connection?
Modified proprietary connections have been developed for aggressive applications and will be available soon.
Is paraffin wax build up reduced when using WFES liners?
Yes. Due to the reduced surface roughness of our thermoplastic lines, paraffin wax build up is generally minimized.
How does WFES protect the coupling from corrosion?
The thermoplastic liner on the end of the tubing is a slightly larger diameter than the pin end. When the coupling is screwed on to the tubing, the coupling threads cut into the thermoplastic liner and create a barrier. Any exposed coupling in the J-Area is protected by an internal thermosetting Fusion Bonded Epoxy Coating. Rings, donuts, or premium connections are never required in most conventional applications. WFES’technology provides 100% holiday free coverage along the entire string of tubing.
Can WFES thermoplastic liners be installed in used tubing?
Yes. The installation of Modified Polycore™ and Polycore™ is based on a mechanical bond which allows it to be installed in used tubing directly over most existing plastic coatings with no additional cleaning or surface preparation.
Can fiberglass rods be used with WFES liners?
Yes, but WFES recommends using new fiberglass rods. Used fiberglass rods may have wear spots with exposed glass fibers which can damage the thermoplastic. If used fiberglass rods are going to be used, the need to be resin rich on the surface with no wear spots.
How do you inspect thermoplastic liners before “re-running”?
Tubing can be drifted prior to re-running. Because the mechanical bond creates some compression on the thermoplastic liner, cuts during mishandling may cause buckling and an ID restriction. A visual inspection can also be conducted to identify liner damage on the pin ends or throughout the tubing.
Can you or should you still use rod guides?
No. When using a WFES thermoplastic liners rod guides are not required or recommended. Operators who use rod guides with thermoplastic lined tubing will dramatically shorten the life of their liner.
Will well stimulation fluids damage WFES thermoplastic liners?
No. WFES’ products are chemically inert, and can be used with most types of well stimulation fluids, including acid. If you are using unusual treatment chemicals in your well, please contact your representative for a recommendation specific to your case. WFES can perform special testing if required.
Will WFES thermoplastic liner move inside the tubing?
Our unique installation process provides a mechanical bond down the entire length of the tubing. Our molded end finish secures the liner in place on both ends of the tube, mitigating any movement and intrusion of corrosive fluids behind the liner.
Does heavy sand production cause any concerns with the use of thermoplastic liners?
No, we have never seen a sand related problem.
Do WFES liners come with a pressure rating?
The steel tubing is expected to provide 100% of the structural integrity of a lined tubing string. The liner wall thickness design is strictly performance based.
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Western Falcon has demonstrated success in over 70 million feet (21 million meters) of pipe in the last 20 years! There is not a well we can’t fix.